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Prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors among a group of prisoners in Yaoundé Central Prison: a cross-sectional study

  
@article{JXYM5201,
	author = {Aimée Tiodoung Timnou and Jérôme Boombhi and Sylvain Raoul Simeni Njonnou and Ahmadou Musa Jingi and Kevin Nkem Efon and Hamadou Bâ and Liliane Mfeukeu-Kuate and Chris Nadège Nganou-Ngnindjo and Sylvie Ndongo Amougou and Marie-Josiane Ntsama Essomba and Odette Kengni Kebiwo and Stephane Talbit Ndjonya and Virginie Poka Mayap and Alain Patrick Menanga and Samuel Kingue},
	title = {Prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors among a group of prisoners in Yaoundé Central Prison: a cross-sectional study},
	journal = {Journal of Xiangya Medicine},
	volume = {4},
	number = {0},
	year = {2019},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Background: Hypertension is a major public health problem worldwide, associated with very high morbidity and mortality. According to the WHO 2013 data, about 1 billion people are affected by hypertension worldwide. This will reach 1.5 billion by 2025. Several occidental studies reported a greater prevalence of hypertension in prison than in the general population. Local data on characteristics of hypertension among prisoners are lacking.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among incarcerated detainees at Yaoundé Central Prison, from January to July 2017. Analyzed variables included the reason for detention, the degree of guilt, promiscuity, the length of the sentence, the length of detention, the monthly visits and the outings per week.
Results: We recruited 437 inmates (344 men) with an average age of 37.01±13.2 years. The prevalence of hypertension in Yaoundé Central Prison was 39.6%. The main cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) were a sedentary lifestyle (91.1%), smoking (31.6%), alcohol consumption (28.1%), known hypertension (14%) and obesity (11.7%). Variables significantly associated with the occurrence of hypertension were: age above 40 years (P},
	url = {http://jxym.amegroups.com/article/view/5201}
}